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One large basket with two smaller ones on each side that read 'A bushel basket holds the ash from a ton of White Oak smokeless coal.'
Train cars filled with coal from the Carbon Fuel Co. No. 5.
Coal carts outside of the Gauley Mountain Coal Company, Kanawha Manufacturing Co., Charleston, W. Va.
Seaconnet Coal Co., Sprague's New River Coal, discharging and storage plant at Providence, R.I. This plant covers between nine and ten acres and is directly connected by yard tracks with the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad and with all the trolley lines entering Providence, over which coal is carried to the suburban mills. At the pier is one of the White Oak Transportation Company's whaleback barges discharging New River Coal.
Horse drawn carts emerging from the White Oak Coal Company Storage and Distributing Plant at Richmond, Virginia.
Coal train going past houses.
Group of men and child pose in front of train No. 122 at Lochgelly station. Left is the Lochgelly store which burned in  1941. Right is the Supply House which burned in 1917.
White Oak Railway Co. built this Oak Hill Station to serve the area.
Passenger Train of White Oak Railway Co. with a line of people outside of it.
Rails outside of the Mt. Carbon Station.
Men and horses stand in cut in hillside.  This construction work done by the White Oak Railway Co. was the Carter's Branch Cut to connection with the Virginia Railway.
Coal train passing through Tamroy, which was bought from McKell Estate.
River terminus at Mt. Carbon with a few houses around.
Station of the Piney River and Paint Creek Railroad Co. at Beckley, Raleigh County, W. Va.
Freight and Passenger Train of the Piney River and Paint Creek Railroad Company.
Rows of Coke ovens with train in the middle of them.
View of Coke ovens and buildings surrounding them at the Collinsville Mine, Glen Jean.
The headquarters of the White Oak Coal Co. are located at MacDonald, Fayette County, W. Va. The maintaining of the General Offices near the mines affords opportunity for closer supervision and better co-operation between all departments. The machine and repair shops and warehouse for merchandise and mine supplies is located immediately adjacent to the office. A private branch telephone exchange with private leased lines reach each mine, giving 24 hour service. A printer telegraph instrument furnishes prompt telegraph service. Mail is received and forwarded at either Macdonald or Mount Hope post offices.<br />
Established by C.H. Sprague and Son Co., Tidewater Agents of the New River Company.
The Summerlee Store at the Summerlee Mine of the New River Company. The people sitting in front of the store from right to left; Harry Stamper, Lola Lewis, A.R. Long, Delia Alexander, A.J. Bishop.
Loaded railroad cars on the tracks at Skelton show the famous White Oak Smokeless Coal.
New River Siltix Mine next to road.
'All white oak mines work the same seam of coal, viz: Sewall. THe face of one of the working places or rooms is shown in this picture. The coal averages about 48 to 50 inches in thickness. This working place is now ready to be cut by the undercutting machine, so it can be shot down be the miner and loaded into cars for transportation to the tipple. The white line on the roof in this picture is the center line of the room set by the engineers to guide the men operating the mining machine in driving the room straight.'
'Probably no phase of coal preparation requires the supervision and care that must be given to shooting practices. The type of explosive used is a safety powder known as "Duobel" and has been selected because it is most suitable for the coal mined in the White Oak Mines. Not only must the explosive be of the best quality and best suited for the work of breaking down the coal, but its use must be supervised and restricted. The proper amount to use; the size of the cartridge; the manner of tamping and many other details are looked after so that a maximum of lump and coarse coal is produced after shooting. This view shows the working place after the 'breaker shot' has been fired.'
'This miner has just completed loading a mine car of weighing net about two and one-half tons, and is waiting for a locomotive to come along and take it out and give him another empty car. An industrious miner will load about six and sometimes eight of these cars in one day. This is a wooden mine car that is now being rapidly replaced by steel mine car equipment. The number of post shown in this picture indicate again the immense amount of timber required to conduct operations in a safe manner.'
'White Oak preparation begins when the machine leaves and the miner is ready to shoot down his coal. The shooting inspector on the left has not only located the hole for the miner to drill, but instructed him as to what angle he must bore his hole to contain the necessary explosive used in dislodging the coal from the seam. The "kerf" made by cutting machine is plainly visible in this picture and you will note the cutting or "bug dust" have been removed before the coal is shot. The length of the auger used by the miner and the width of the bit which determines the size of the hole bored, is also carefully regulated.'
Buildings outside of a coal mine. There are small houses in the background.
Man examines White Oak coal after delivery in the dealers yard in Indianapolis.
'All ready-Hoist! This is an end view of one of our new steel mine cars on a cage at one of the White Oak Shaft mines, and the signal has just been given to hoist it to the surface--450 feet up! These electric equipped hoists can hoist a car every twenty seconds and dump it! The cars are placed on the cages automatically by creeper chains and car stops. One man operates the signals and car stops and chains.'
View of the mechanics of a stove coal washer.
'Coal at all White Oak shafts mines is handled on self dumping cages, which handle the coal uniformly and with a minimum of breakage. Note how evenly the coal is flowing from the mine car. Much more rapid of course than the picture indicates, but it shows how well designed the equipment must be to handle the coal in such splendid manner.'
Man working in the Scarbro Mine Hoisting Room and Sub-Station, built in 1915-1916.
From left to right: Jake Sibloski, Walter Miller, Louis Roncaglione, Andrew Vargo and Fred Lamb.
Crowds gather to watch miners participate in Safety Day exercises.
Cars line the hillside above the stadium where Safety Day exercises are held.
Group portrait of miners and rescue equipment.  This group took first place at competitions St. Louis.  From Left to Right: Frank Colline, Edward Graff, Howard Samuels, Andrew Lightfoot, R.P. Nicholls and Fred Lamb.
Four pictures showing the proper and wrong ways to scotch and clean under cages.
Two pictures of a miner retracking a mine car. Left is the safe way to retrack, right is the unsafe way to retrack.
Miner sitting in between posts that hold the roof of the mine up. 'Safety First is stressed in every possible way at White Oak mines.  Note the posts to protect this man at his labor.  He is waiting for another mine car so he can clean up his working place and make it ready for the mining machine crew who will cut it during the night, ready for him to work tomorrow.'
Safety float of the New River Coal and Coke Co. on the Fourth of July. Floats with safety themes highlighted many parades in Fayette and Raleigh Counties.
Bulletin board emphasizing safety themes.
Outside view of the Carlisle Mine Rescue Station with a man standing in the doorway.
Directors cup at annual employees first aid meet at Scarbro.
Yard of N.N. Foster at Prudence which won first prize in the Sweepstakes Contest.
Group of people with instruments. 'Many NRC towns had own orchestras.'
Group portrait of the New River Coal Company band in uniform standing on steps.
Wooden house on a hill.
Tipple and General Store in the Background
Group of people wait at the train station as a train comes in.
Clusters of miner's houses in the distance at Sprague, W. Va.
Beckley Fire Creek Coal Company.
Men riding in coal cars along snow covered tracks to the Skelton mine during winter time.  Miner's homes and wood piles visible.
Distant view of Oak Hill, W. Va.
Distant view of White Oak Fuel Company tipple and town at Carlisle, W. Va.
On the right is the MacDonald Presbyterian Church, and on the left is probably a schoolhouse.
Men stand in front of the tipple and power house at the Great Kanawha Mine, Great Kanawha Colliery Co., Kanawha County.
Klondyke Mine, Dunn Loop was the largest producer in the field. 'Dunn Loop Coal and Const. Chartered in W. Va. on Feb. 16, 1893.'
Scene on Collinsville grounds shows early residents.
Section of town of Whipple, West of the company store showing store in the foreground, miner's homes in the distance.
Panoramic view of the town of MacDonald with tipple on the hillside.
Side view of the bottling plant at MacDonald.  Barrels stacked beside the plant building.
Birds eye view of Summerlee Mine, shows railroad leading to the tipple.
Railroad in front of a mining community.
The Lochgelly Church was dedicated on July 12th, 1931.
Houses around a railroad in a mining town. Mabscott and Wickham workers were close neighbors.
Mining town of Lochgelly in the Winter.
The usual number of shoppers cars in front of Whipple Store.
'The one grade White Oak is mighty proud of, is its Domestic Mine Run. Here yousee twenty-two cars of this grade at our Cranberry No. 3 Mine. This Mine Run is very coarse; free from impurities; has a bright shiny appearance and we ship a million tons of it every year. Just think of it, 20,000 cars of this fine fuel shipped to satisfied customers each year. We also want you to notice the background of the picture, showing the neat homes occupied by the men who mine White Oak coal. Notice also how neat the surroundings are. Houses are kept neatly painted; yards fensed; grounds kept clean and everything possible done to provide a nice place for employees to live.'
Railroad and houses at the Summerlee Mine.
Trains filled with coal file past a group of miners houses in Sprague, W. Va.
Some miners houses at Prudence, W. Va.
View of houses that line the hilltop above the Sherwood Mine.
Children playing at the Cranberry playground, with a view of the town in the background.
Town of Scarbro in the fifties. You can see the town store, church, and the Wykle house.
Aerial view of the town of Cranberry 'Foreground' and the town of Prosperity 'Background.'
View of the church at Cranberry.
View of the town of Scarbro shows part of White Oak Valley.
Cars and people file down the streets at Mount Hope, W. Va.
Children playing on playground at Price Hill, W. Va.
View of houses in the town of Sprague, W. Va.  'Shows influence of yard and garden contests.'
Early days of Sprague Mine and Town of Cranberry Fuel Company.
'All White Oak mines are electrically equipped and of course this mining machine is operated by electricity. The machine is mounted and transported on a specially designed truck and moves under its own power from one working place to another. It is taken from the truck by the machine operator and his helper and moved to the place of the coal and place in cutting position as you see it in this picture. The machine consists of an endless chain with 'bits' inserted, which act as cutters. The machine cuts a 'kerf' or hole along the bottom of the coal about 4 inches high and extending back six feet under the coal. The fine coal made by this machine is what is commonly known as 'bug dust.' Cutting machines are operated at night and each machine is capable of cutting twenty places on each shift. These machines are operated on tonnage basis and these operators earn high wages.'
Miners on an electric locomotive used in hauling mine cars.
'An Electric Locomotive: Good dependable motive power is just as necessary in a coal mine as on a railroad. This picture shows on of White Oak's ten ton electric locomotives used to haul loads and distrubute empties in our mines. A crew consists of a motorman and brakeman, or trip rider, who pull loads from the working places to convenient sidings where they are picked up by main line locomotives, who haul to the tipple or shaft bottom. A large producing mine uses fifteen and twenty locomotives and five hundred mine cars in maintaining production.'
Miner operating a loading machine outside of a mine.
'Coarse Lumpy Coal: This very coarse lumpy mine run coal is the result of proper shooting. The miner is paid on a tonnage basis for loading this coal into mine cars. He is required to watch his coal carefully as he loads it and she that no impurities become mixed with the coal.'
A miner is operating a cutting machine at the Price Hill Colliery Co. mine
Portrait of men standing on and around a porch.
Group portrait of miners.